Swedish Legacy in Northern Germany


On the 26th of December 1674, the Swedish army invaded Brandenburg, which is a state located in Northern Germany. This was initially triggers as a result of a solid 20,000 strong army from Brandeburg who had participated in the Holy Roman Empire's war on France thus, it triggered the invasion by the Swedish (as they were allies).

After the political war ended, there are some Swedish influence and heritage that can be found in Northern Germany up till today. The annual celebration of St. Lucy's Day originated from the Scandinavian region and is mainly Swedish. After the invasion by the Swedish army, the culture lingered on and there's a number of people who celebrate St. Lucy's Day in Northern Germany as a result. A castle in Gadebusch, Germany is also a heritage site left by the Swedish as well. The origin of this castle began back on 20th December of 1712, when a battle between the Swedish and Danish and Saxons broke out, called the Battle of Gadebusch. The castle is a symbol of their great final victory during the Great Northern War.

The Pomeranian State Museum also has a specific section dedicated to the Thirty Years' War During this heavily destructive war that broke out in Central Europe, Sweden played a big role and has participated throughout the conflict. One of the states that were fought over during the Thirty Years' War was Stralsund. The Battle of Stralsund which took over in 1628 marks the first ever Swedish troops landed on German soil and the town became one of Sweden's major forts in Pomerania. Stralsund is a part of UNESCO World Heritage Site as it has a lot of valuable remnants.

The Old Market Square, also known as Alter Markt is also surrounded by old Swedish military headquarters. A former Swedish Palace was also located in Stralsund and now has turned into the town construction department. Wolgast's history is one of the biggest symbols of Sweden's Era in Northern Germany. The Swedish Empire had conquered Wolgast during the Thirty Years' War but the town later had a major destruction. A lot of the buildings were destroyed and burnt and only a church, a few chapels, and buildings were left. These buildings were later reconstructed and built in baroque style though unfortunately removed in 1849.

Rugen, which is Germany's largest island area-wise was a part of Swedish Pomerania from 1648 to 1815. Greifswald was also another state that was involved in the Thirty Years' War. They were surrounded by the Swedish army on 12th of June 1631 and maintained under the Swedish Kingdom even after the Thirty Years' War Other wars had taken over which also involved the Swedish state of Greifswald such as the Swedish-Polish war and the Swedish-Brandeburg war The result of this battle which involved bombings can be seen on the walls of St. Mary's Church which is now one of the legacies left by the Swedish Empire.

Another building that marks the history of Swedish occupation in Germany is the Dom St. Nikolai church. The Swedish Army intervention in the Thirty Years' War led to them stepping into the German territory for the first time in history. This highlight a big event in history and sure enough, it left a bunch of monuments and heritage to be found around Northern Germany.